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" A Nonlinear High Performance Complex Training System Model "
A Track Cycling Specialist's needs. Track Cycling what's the difference.

A Track Cyclist's Power House, "Sympathetic Nervous System"

When we look at a breathing rate lactate program and the delicate see-saw balance of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system being worked through the Lactate tolerance process it is no longer a effective format to increase performance power out-puts for Track Cyclists Targeting International competitive performance times. Each nervous system needs to be separated to produce the gains required to activate the maximum structural attributes of the athletes to get to competitive International times. It is by understanding the genetic behavioral attributes of the athlete that the correct training protocols can be implemented to produce the force required to be in compliance to Newton's laws of motion.

In a Track Cycling strength program targeting power and speed in an athlete, you typically see more sympathetic nervous system overtraining with symptoms such as:
-High cortisol & insulin
-Fluid retention and swelling, weight gain.
This gives a Highly variable (HRV) heart rate variability number bounces around from day to day)

In a conventional Road breathing rate LT endurance athletes program you typically see more parasympathetic nervous system overtraining and symptoms such as:
-Adrenal exhaustion low cortisol, low insulin,
-Weight loss
This gives a -Low (HRV) the heart rate variability number stays consistently low)

So opposite side effects.

"Track Cycling is a Specialized discipline requiring different physiologic attributes to a Road Cyclist and a different methodology and mind set to produce them".

Because Strength training results are seen in the spinal cord well before any physiological muscular adaptation is established through the muscle hypertrophy or power increases,  Mapping the motor learning on the musculoskeletal level as it begins to mimic the genetic model your trying to clone is the base method of tracking the athlete work loads accurately. The current method of finding muscle synergies is to measure EMG (electromyography) signals from all muscles involved in a dynamic action movement so that specific patterns of muscle activation can be identified in the contraction types of the action controlling the out-put force as the athlete produces predictable achievable load increases to produce a constant increasing performance model.

So tracking the controlling strength elements within the skeletal muscle torque development process is done through the "Sympathetic Nervous Systems" association to the monitoring of the HRV of the athlete used in the event specific work loads. Measuring this was a cumbersome process and needed trained staff and expensive medical lab equipment. This can now be done easily and quickly on a lap top and associated directly in to your power file analysis. It is understanding how to manipulate the nervous systems correctly that activates the required force production increases to produce an out-put in compliance to Newton's laws of motion.

It is by using the Ventilatory Thresholds (VT1 and VT2) ratio's as they can be associated to the skeletal muscle torque development as neuromuscular activators for anaerobic workloads and then further associated to the important nervous system development for the skeletal muscle Motor Unit Synchronization increases needed to produce the required work loads for International competition.

So what is a ventilatory threshold? The VT is the ‘point of transition between predominantly aerobic energy production to anaerobic energy production.’ And if you want to get specific then the first ventilatory threshold is ‘the "intensity" at which ventilation starts to increase in a "non-linear" fashion’ and the second ventilatory threshold is ‘the point at which high-intensity exercise can no longer be sustained due to an accumulation of lactate’. Because we must attack the genetics of the athletes first in the Track Cyclist development process it is the manipulation of this "intensity"  that targets the "correct sympathetic nervous system development" needed thought the neurological pathways and cloning the activation and response mechanisms of the higher genetically gifted athletes performance out-put combinations that results are produced, "NOT TRYING HARDER".

Because of this process lactate testing is no longer done on a Track Cyclist here in the development phase as the association between the VT1 and VT2 heart function readings can be determined to the musculoskeletal tension ratio to the neuromuscular contraction rate range which intern controls the lactate at the value targeted which is the optimum saturation so it can then be combined in the fuel source and burnt of as part of the energy production prolonging the run time at the much higher out-puts required for track cycling. "Not Trying Harder".

Attempting to use Breathing Rate protocols on to a indoor venue on a athlete less that a Genetic A expression has disastrous consequences for a Race Development Model.

Thought the neurological pathways and understanding genetics by cloning the activation and response mechanisms of the higher genetically gifted athletes the High Performance Sports Departments now with new technology like portable HRV monitoring systems and the association of all these elements separately when brought back into the power file allows the power file to be read with such a deep level of understanding without the need for all the individual elements being constantly monitored any longer in these large labs as the relationship is finally associated directly into the event specific required work loads at the actual venues used for the events.

Real time monitoring of the Track athlete in a "Nonlinear Complex High Performance Training System Model"  can predict maximum, VT1, VT2 and the associated Torque loads while performing a maximal incremental test with the "Sympathetic Nervous System" being activated correctly at old VT1 out-puts giving the athlete the neuromuscular commutability to involve all muscles in the dynamic action movement so that specific patterns of pre trained muscle activation sequences can be utilized in the contraction types of the muscle activation model.

Because skeletal muscle Motor Unit Synchronization increases with associated Torque loads, proper pre trained ranges associated to event specific work loads can be produced while maintaining a Functional controllable FTP while increasing the out-put the further the athlete goes into the effort until the targeted run time expires, the connection between the torque as a activator for these anaerobic workloads while still maintaining a functional Lactate Threshold between efforts is the controlling elements within the skeletal neuromuscular development process capitalized on to produce effective Indoor Track Cyclists.

Taking a Development Structured athlete's base evaluation on the left below and learning how to separate the types of contraction power force's through the Athlete's sympathetic nervous system (CNSS) GEC Development workload equation and the parasympathetic nervous system (CNPS) GEC Development equation the athelete can then be targeted into two fully separated 'Aerobic Endurance Power' and 'Anaerobic' workouts to intensify the Neurological stress required in the Track athletes development process in the Anaerobic zone without the need to do it through the LT process. When brought back together we have a Optimized recruitment pattern grouping of required out-put forces to be able to be transferred to a Race Sequence in a conflicting force environment very successfully mimicking a GEC A athlete out-put control equation lowering the athletes variance from the genetic communication failure producing a much faster time on the right because the athlete has the ability to hold the inertia equation better thought out the arc of the Track corner.

It is by aligning the correct neuromuscular data sequence the athletes out-puts produce speed to reach the Indoor Track Facility surface, "NOT TRY HARDER".

Understanding the Science of movement, Energy transfer and Oxygen expenditure when combined with the correct execution of tension workouts and controlled delivery sequences produces a maximum effort is the key to optimizing Track Indoor Performance.

Understanding the "WHY" in a Complex Training Profile Model is critical as if the objective is not understood, just following a script produces a dangerous progression of negative effects causing a premature and critical failure of the athlete body to perform their requested tasks in as little as 5 - 7 days.

Having stated " Performance Objectives " and understanding the " WHY " is critical to succeeding.

Remember This !!

"Track Cycling is a Specialized discipline".

Understanding a new language takes time and patience.

'Stay Relaxed'

BGM Sports

Olympic Programs


Strength (Torque)             -             Power (watts)             -             RPM (Leg speed)

BGM Sports
Simi Valley California
Email: bert@bgmsports.com

MF Coaching
Sydney Australia
Email: michelle@bgmsports.com

BGM Sports
Simi Valley California
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